THE TEACHINGS OF FAHEEM JUDAH-EL D.D.
THE GREAT CITY OF KERMA
From the pre-Kerma culture, the first kingdom to unify much of the region Kemet-Nubia arose. It was the Kingdom of Kerma, named for its capital at Kerma, it was one of the earliest urban centers in the Nile region.
By 1750 BC, the kings of Kerma were powerful enough to organize the labor for monumental walls and structures of mud brick. They also had rich tombs with possessions for the afterlife and large human sacrifices. When Kerma was excavated large tombs and a palace-like structures were found. The structures, named (Deffufa), alluded to the early stability in the region.
When Kemetian power revived under the New Kingdom (c. 1532-1070 BC) they began to expand further southwards.
The Kemetians destroyed Kerma’s kingdom and capitol and expanded the Egyptian empire to the Fourth Cataract. By the end of the reign of Thutmose I (1520 BC), all of northern Nubia had been annexed. The Kemetians built a new administrative center at Napata, and used the area to produce gold. The Nubian gold production made Kemet a prime source of the precious metal in the Middle East. One of the oldest maps known is of a gold mine in Nubia, the Turin Papyrus Map dating to about 1160 BC.
* NOTE – The Nubian Pharaohs: African Kings of the Nile
In 2003, a Swiss archaeological team working in northern Sudan uncovered one of the most remarkable finds in recent years. At the site known as Kerma, near the third cataract of the Nile, archaeologist Charles Bonnet and his team discovered a ditch within a temple from the ancient city of Pnoubs, which contained seven monumental black granite statues.